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Map of Castles in Japan with historical significance
This map is compiled from the list of Top 100 Castles with historical significance published by the Japanese Castle Foundation.
=Castle =Ruin =Surviving Original
Original Surviving Castles in Japan

There are over three hundred castle sites in Japan, only twelve are considered original that survived intact from the Edo Period. These twelve castles have their original donjon (castle keep) still standing today with their original woodwork from the Edo period, not a reconstruction.

Bitchū Matsuyama Castle

The only original surviving mountaintop castle and the highest casle in Japan at an elevation of 430 meters (1400 feet).

Takahashi, Okayama Prefecture

Inuyama Castle

Overlooking the Kiso River, It is claimed to be the oldest surviving castle in Japan completed in 1440.

Inuyama, Aichi Prefecture

Kochi Castle

Overlooking Kochi city from atop Otakasa Hill. It is the only castle to have all the original buildings in the innermost defense ring still standing. Completed in 1611.

Kochi, Kochi Prefecture

Himeji Castle

Japan's most spectacular and largest castle, with a network of over 83 rooms. Known as the "White Heron Castle" due to the snow white exterior and architectural resemblance to a bird taking flight.

Himeji, Hyogo Prefecture

Hirosaki Castle

Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture

Hikone Castle

Hikone, Shiga Prefecture

Marugame Castle

Overlooking the Seto Inland Sea. After a fire in 1869, only the original keep and the castle gates remain.

Marugame, Kagawa Prefecture

Matsue Castle

One of Japan's Three Great Lake Castles, overlooking Lake Shinji. Completed after the last great war of feudal Japan in 1611.

Matsue, Shimane Prefecture

Maruoka Castle

Sakai, Fukui Prefecture

Matsumoto Castle

A flatland castle known as the "Crow Castle" due to its black exterior.

Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture

Matsuyama Castle

Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture

Uwajima Castle

(宇和島城) The only surviving original hilltop castle with its small keep.

Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture