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JLPT N1 kanji list
Japanese Language Proficiency Test N1 kanji group. Click on the kanji for more information.
As of 2010, there is no official JLPT kanji list. This list is compiled from the pre-2010 official JLPT 1 list.
亜Asia, rank next 阿Africa, flatter 哀pathetic, grief 葵hollyhock 茜madder, red dye 握grip, hold 渥kindness, moisten 旭rising sun, morning sun 梓catalpa tree, woodblock printing 扱handle, entertain 絢brilliant fabric design 綾design, figured cloth 鮎freshwater trout, smelt 案plan, suggestion 杏apricot 伊Italy, that one 威intimidate, dignity 尉military officer, jailer 惟consider, reflect 慰consolation, amusement 為do, change 異uncommon, different 維fiber, tie 緯horizontal, woof 遺bequeath, leave behind 井well, well crib 亥sign of the hog, 9-11PM 郁cultural progress, perfume 磯seashore, beach 壱one (in documents) 逸deviate, idleness 稲rice plant 芋potato 允license, sincerity 姻matrimony, marry 胤descendent, issue 陰shade, yin 隠conceal, hide 韻rhyme, elegance 卯sign of the hare or rabbit, fourth sign of Chinese zodiac 丑sign of the ox or cow, 1-3AM 渦whirlpool, eddy 唄song, ballad 浦bay, creek 叡intelligence, imperial 影shadow, silhouette 瑛sparkle of jewelry, crystal 衛defense, protection 詠recitation, poem 疫epidemic 益benefit, gain 悦ecstasy, joy 謁audience, audience (with king) 閲review, inspection 宴banquet, feast 援abet, help 沿run alongside, follow along 炎inflammation, flame 猿monkey 縁affinity, relation 艶glossy, luster 苑garden, farm 鉛lead 於at, in 凹concave, hollow 往journey, travel 応apply, answer 旺flourishing, successful 殴assault, hit 翁venerable old man 沖open sea, offing 憶recollection, think 乙the latter, duplicate 卸wholesale 恩grace, kindness 穏calm, quiet 仮sham, temporary 伽nursing, attending 価value, price 佳excellent, beautiful 嘉applaud, praise 嫁marry into, bride 寡widow, minority 暇spare time, rest 架erect, frame 禍calamity, misfortune 稼earnings, work 箇counter for articles 茄eggplant 華splendor, flower 霞be hazy, grow dim 蚊mosquito 我ego, I 芽bud, sprout 賀congratulations, joy 雅gracious, elegant 餓starve, hungry 塊clod, lump 壊demolition, break 怪suspicious, mystery 悔repent, regret 懐pocket, feelings 戒commandment 拐kidnap, falsify 魁charging ahead of others 凱victory song 劾censure, criminal investigation 慨rue, be sad 概outline, condition 涯horizon, shore 街boulevard, street 該above-stated, the said 馨fragrant, balmy 垣hedge, fence 嚇menacing, dignity 拡broaden, extend 核nucleus, core 殻husk, nut shell 獲seize, get 穫harvest, reap 較contrast, compare 郭enclosure, quarters 閣tower, tall building 隔isolate, alternate 岳point, peak 潟lagoon 喝hoarse, scold 括fasten, tie up 渇thirst, dry up 滑slippery, slide 褐brown, woollen kimono 轄control, wedge 且moreover, also 叶grant, answer 樺birch, dark red 株stocks, stump 鎌sickle, scythe 茅miscanthus reed 刈reap, cut 侃strong, just 冠crown, best 勘intuition, perception 勧persuade, recommend 喚yell, cry 堪withstand, endure 寛tolerant, leniency 幹tree trunk 憾remorse, regret 敢daring, brave 棺coffin, casket 款goodwill, article 歓delight, joy 環ring, circle 監oversee, official 看watch over, see 緩slacken, loosen 肝liver, pluck 艦warship 莞smiling, reed used to cover tatami 貫pierce, 8 1/3lbs 還send back, return 鑑specimen, take warning from 閑leisure 陥collapse, fall into 巌rock, crag 眼eyeball 頑stubborn, foolish 企undertake, scheme 伎deed, skill 器utensil, vessel 基fundamentals, radical (chem) 奇strange, strangeness 嬉glad, pleased 岐branch off, fork in road 忌mourning, abhor 揮brandish, wave 旗national flag, banner 既previously, already 棋chess piece, Japanese chess 棄abandon, throw away 毅strong 汽vapor, steam 稀rare, phenomenal 紀chronicle, account 貴precious, value 軌rut, wheel 輝radiance, shine 飢hungry, starve 騎equestrian, riding on horses 鬼ghost, devil (radical 194) 亀tortoise, turtle 偽falsehood, lie 儀ceremony, rule 宜best regards, good 戯frolic, play 擬mimic, aim (a gun) at 欺deceit, cheat 犠sacrifice 義righteousness, justice 誼friendship, intimacy 菊chrysanthemum 鞠ball 吉good luck, joy 橘mandarin orange 却instead, on the contrary 脚skids, leg 虐tyrannize, oppress 丘hill, knoll 及reach out, exert 宮Shinto shrine, constellations 弓bow, archery bow 救salvation, save 朽decay, rot 泣cry, weep 窮hard up, destitute 級class, rank 糾twist, ask 拒repel, refuse 拠foothold, based on 挙raise, plan 虚void, emptiness 距long-distance, spur 亨pass through, go smoothly 享enjoy, receive 凶villain, evil 匡correct, save 喬high, boasting 峡gorge, ravine 恭respect, reverent 狂lunatic, insane 狭cramped, narrow 矯rectify, straighten 脅threaten, coerce 興entertain, revive 郷home town, village 鏡mirror, speculum 響echo, sound 驚wonder, be surprised 仰face-up, look up 凝congeal, freeze 尭high, far 暁daybreak, dawn 桐paulownia 錦brocade, fine dress 斤axe, 1.32 lb 欣take pleasure in, rejoice 欽respect, revere 琴harp, koto 筋muscle, sinew 緊tense, solid 芹parsley 菌germ, fungus 衿neck, collar 謹discreet, reverently 吟versify, singing 句phrase, clause 玖beautiful black jewel, nine 駆drive, run 駒pony, horse 愚foolish, folly 虞fear, uneasiness 遇meet, encounter 屈yield, bend 熊bear 栗chestnut 繰winding, reel 桑mulberry 勲meritorious deed, merit 薫send forth fragrance, fragrant 郡county, district 袈a coarse camlet 刑punish, penalty 啓disclose, open 圭square jewel, corner 契pledge, promise 径diameter, path 恵favor, blessing 慶jubilation, congratulate 慧wise 憩recess, rest 掲put up (a notice), put up 携portable, carry (in hand) 桂Japanese Judas-tree, cinnamon tree 渓mountain stream, valley 系lineage, system 継inherit, succeed 茎stalk, stem 蛍lightning-bug, firefly 鶏chicken 鯨whale 撃beat, attack 激violent, get excited 傑greatness, excellence 潔undefiled, pure 穴hole, aperture 結tie, bind 倹frugal, economy 健healthy, health 兼concurrently, and 剣sabre, sword 圏sphere, circle 堅strict, hard 嫌dislike, detest 憲constitution, law 懸state of suspension, hang 拳fist 検examination, investigate 献offering, counter for drinks 絹silk 謙self-effacing, humble oneself 遣dispatch, despatch 顕appear, existing 厳stern, strictness 幻phantasm, vision 弦bowstring, chord 源source, origin 玄mysterious, occultness 絃string, cord 孤orphan, alone 己self (radical 49) 弧arc, arch 故happenstance, especially 胡barbarian, foreign 虎tiger, drunkard 誇boast, be proud 顧look back, review 鼓drum, beat 伍five, five-man squad 呉give, do something for 娯recreation, pleasure 悟enlightenment, perceive 梧Chinese parasol tree, phoenix tree 瑚ancestral offering receptacle, coral 碁Go 護safeguard, protect 鯉carp 侯marquis, lord 倖happiness, luck 功achievement, merits 后empress, queen 坑pit, hole 孔cavity, hole 宏wide, large 巧adroit, skilled 康ease, peace 弘vast, broad 恒constancy, always 抗confront, resist 拘arrest, seize 控withdraw, draw in 攻aggression, attack 昂rise 晃clear 江creek, inlet 洪deluge, flood 浩wide expanse, abundance 溝gutter, ditch 甲armor, high (voice) 皇emperor 稿draft, copy 紘large 絞strangle, constrict 綱hawser, class (genus) 衡equilibrium, measuring rod 貢tribute, support 購subscription, buy 酵fermentation 鋼steel 項paragraph, nape of neck 鴻large bird, wild goose 剛sturdy, strength 拷torture, beat 豪overpowering, great 克overcome, kindly 穀cereals, grain 酷cruel, severe 獄prison, jail 墾ground-breaking, open up farmland 恨regret, bear a grudge 懇sociable, kind 昆descendants, elder brother 紺dark blue, navy 魂soul, spirit 佐assistant, help 唆tempt, seduce 嵯steep, craggy 沙sand 瑳polish, brilliant white luster of a gem 詐lie, falsehood 鎖chain, irons 裟Buddhist surplice 債bond, loan 催sponsor, hold (a meeting) 哉how, what 宰superintend, manager 彩coloring, paint 栽plantation, planting 災disaster, calamity 采dice, form 砕smash, break 斎purification, Buddhist food 裁tailor, judge 載ride, board 剤dose, medicine 冴be clear, serene 崎promontory, cape 削plane, sharpen 搾squeeze 朔conjunction (astronomy), first day of month 策scheme, plan 索cord, rope 錯confused, mix 桜cherry 笹bamboo grass, (kokuji) 撮snapshot, take pictures 擦grate, rub 皐swamp, shore 傘umbrella 惨wretched, disaster 桟scaffold, cleat 燦brilliant 蚕silkworm 酸acid, bitterness 暫temporarily, a while 司director, official 嗣heir, succeed 士gentleman, samurai 姿figure, form 志intention, plan 施give, bestow 旨delicious, relish 氏family name, surname 祉welfare, happiness 紫purple, violet 肢limb, arms & legs 至climax, result in 視inspection, regard as 詩poem, poetry 諮consult with 賜grant, gift 雌feminine, female 飼domesticate, raise 侍waiter, samurai 慈mercy 滋nourishing, more & more 爾you, thou 磁magnet, porcelain 蒔sow (seeds) 汐eventide, tide 鹿deer (radical 198) 軸axis, pivot 執tenacious, take hold 漆lacquer, varnish 疾rapidly 偲recollect, remember 芝turf, lawn 舎cottage, inn 射shoot, shine into 赦pardon, forgiveness 斜diagonal, slanting 煮boil, cook 紗gauze, gossamer 謝apologize, thank 遮intercept, interrupt 蛇snake, serpent 邪wicked, injustice 勺ladle, one tenth of a go 尺shaku, Japanese foot 爵baron, peerage 酌bar-tending, serving sake 釈explanation 寂loneliness, quietly 朱vermilion, cinnabar 殊particularly, especially 狩hunt, raid 珠pearl, gem 趣purport, gist 儒Confucian 授impart, instruct 樹timber, trees 需demand, request 囚captured, criminal 宗religion, sect 就concerning, settle 修discipline, conduct oneself well 愁distress, grieve 洲continent, sandbar 秀excel, excellence 臭stinking, ill-smelling 衆masses, great numbers 襲attack, advance on 酬repay, reward 醜ugly, unclean 充allot, fill 従accompany, obey 汁soup, juice 渋astringent, hesitate 獣animal, beast 縦vertical, length 銃gun, arms 叔uncle, youth 淑graceful, gentle 縮shrink, contract 粛solemn, quietly 塾cram school, private school 熟mellow, ripen 俊sagacious, genius 峻high, steep 瞬wink, blink 竣end, finish 舜type of morning glory, rose of Sharon 駿a good horse, speed 准quasi-, semi- 循sequential, follow 旬decameron, ten-day period 殉martyrdom, follow by resigning 淳pure 潤wet, be watered 盾shield, escutcheon 巡patrol, go around 遵abide by, follow 暑sultry, hot 曙dawn, daybreak 渚strand, beach 庶commoner, all 叙confer, relate 序preface, beginning 徐gradually, slowly 恕excuse, tolerate 傷wound, hurt 償reparation, make up for 匠artisan, workman 升measuring box, 1.8 liter 唱chant, recite 奨exhort, urge 宵wee hours, evening 尚esteem, furthermore 庄level, in the country 彰patent, clear 抄extract, selection 掌manipulate, rule 捷victory, fast 昌prosperous, bright 昭shining, bright 晶sparkle, clear 松pine tree 梢treetops, twig 沼marsh, lake 渉ford, go cross 焦char, hurry 症symptoms, illness 硝nitrate, saltpeter 礁reef, sunken rock 祥auspicious, happiness 称appellation, praise 肖resemblance 菖iris 蕉banana, plantain 衝collide, brunt 訟sue, accuse 証evidence, proof 詔imperial edict 詳detailed, full 鐘bell, gong 障hinder, hurt 丞help 冗superfluous, uselessness 剰surplus, besides 壌lot, earth 嬢lass, girl 条article, clause 浄clean, purify 穣good crops, prosperity 譲defer, turnover 醸brew, cause 錠lock, fetters 嘱entrust, request 飾decorate, ornament 殖augment, increase 織weave, fabric 辱embarrass, humiliate 侵encroach, invade 唇lips 娠with child, pregnancy 審hearing, judge 慎humility, be careful 振shake, wave 晋advance 榛hazelnut, filbert 浸immersed, soak 秦Manchu dynasty, name given to naturalized foreigners 紳sire, good belt 薪fuel, firewood 診checkup, seeing 仁humanity, virtue 刃blade, sword 尋inquire, fathom 甚tremendously, very 尽exhaust, use up 迅swift, fast 陣camp, battle array 須ought, by all means 酢vinegar, sour 垂droop, suspend 帥commander, leading troops 推conjecture, infer 炊cook, boil 睡drowsy, sleep 粋chic, style 翠green, kingfisher 衰decline, wane 遂consummate, accomplish 酔drunk, feel sick 錘weight, plumb bob 随follow, though 瑞congratulations 髄marrow, pith 崇adore, respect 嵩be aggravated, grow worse 枢hinge, pivot 雛chick, squab 据set, lay a foundation 杉cedar, cryptomeria 澄lucidity, be clear 寸measurement, tenth of a shaku 瀬rapids, current 畝furrow, thirty tsubo 是just so, this 征subjugate, attack the rebellious 整organize, arranging 牲animal sacrifice, offering 盛boom, prosper 聖holy, saint 製made in..., manufacture 誠sincerity, admonish 誓vow, swear 請solicit, invite 逝departed, die 斉adjusted, alike 惜pity, be sparing of 斥reject, retreat 析chop, divide 碩large, great 拙bungling, clumsy 摂vicarious, surrogate 窃stealth, steal 節node, season 舌tongue (radical 135) 仙hermit, wizard 宣proclaim, say 扇fan, folding fan 栓plug, bolt 染dye, color 潜submerge, conceal 旋rotation, go around 繊slender, fine 薦recommend, mat 践tread, step on 遷transition, move 銭coin, .01 yen 銑pig iron 鮮fresh, vivid 善virtuous, good 漸steadily, gradually advancing 禅Zen, silent meditation 繕darning, repair 塑model, molding 措set aside, give up 疎alienate, rough 礎cornerstone, foundation stone 租tariff, crop tax 粗coarse, rough 素elementary, principle 訴accusation, sue 阻thwart, separate from 僧Buddhist priest, monk 創genesis, wound 倉godown, warehouse 喪miss, mourning 壮robust, manhood 奏play music, speak to a ruler 爽refreshing, bracing 惣all 挿insert, put in 操maneuver, manipulate 曹office, official 巣nest, rookery 槽vat, tub 綜rule, synthesize 聡wise, fast learner 荘villa, inn 葬interment, bury 蒼blue, pale 藻seaweed, duckweed 遭encounter, meet 霜frost 騒boisterous, make noise 促stimulate, urge 即instant, namely 俗vulgar, customs 属belong, genus 賊burglar, rebel 汰washing, sieving 堕degenerate, descend to 妥gentle, peace 惰lazy, laziness 駄burdensome, pack horse 耐-proof, enduring 怠neglect, laziness 態attitude, condition 泰peaceful, calm 滞stagnate, be delayed 胎womb, uterus 逮apprehend, chase 隊regiment, party 黛blackened eyebrows 鯛sea bream, red snapper 第No., residence 鷹hawk 滝waterfall, rapids 卓eminent, table 啄peck, pick up 択choose, select 拓clear (the land), open 沢swamp, marsh 琢polish 託consign, requesting 濁voiced, uncleanness 諾consent, assent 只only, free 但however, but 辰sign of the dragon, 7-9AM 奪rob, take by force 脱undress, removing 巽southeast 棚shelf, ledge 丹rust-colored, red 嘆sigh, lament 旦daybreak, dawn 淡thin, faint 端edge, origin 胆gall bladder, courage 誕nativity, be born 鍛forge, discipline 壇podium, stage 弾bullet, twang 暖warmth 檀cedar, sandlewood 智wisdom, intellect 痴stupid, foolish 稚immature, young 致doth, do 蓄amass, raise 逐pursue, drive away 秩regularity, salary 窒plug up, obstruct 嫡legitimate wife, direct descent (non-bastard) 宙mid-air, air 忠loyalty, fidelity 抽pluck, pull 衷inmost, heart 鋳casting, mint 猪boar 丁street, ward 帳notebook, account book 弔condolences, mourning 張lengthen, counter for bows & stringed instruments 彫carve, engrave 徴indications, sign 懲penal, chastise 挑challenge, contend for 暢stretch 潮tide, salt water 眺stare, watch 聴listen, headstrong 脹dilate, distend 腸intestines, guts 蝶butterfly 跳hop, leap up 勅imperial order 朕majestic plural, imperial we 賃fare, fee 鎮tranquilize, ancient peace-preservation centers 陳exhibit, state 津haven, port 墜crash, fall (down) 椎chinquapin, mallet 塚hillock, mound 槻Zelkova tree 漬pickling, soak 蔦vine, ivy 椿camellia 坪two-mat area, approx. thirty-six sq ft 紬pongee (a knotted silk cloth) 釣angling, fish 鶴crane, stork 亭pavilion, restaurant 偵spy 貞upright, chastity 呈display, offer 堤dike, bank 帝sovereign, the emperor 廷courts, imperial court 悌serving our elders 抵resist, reach 提propose, take along 禎happiness, blessed 締tighten, tie 艇rowboat, small boat 訂revise, correct 逓relay, in turn 邸residence, mansion 摘pinch, pick 敵enemy, foe 笛flute, clarinet 哲philosophy, clear 徹penetrate, clear 撤remove, withdraw 迭transfer, alternation 典code, ceremony 展unfold, expand 添annexed, accompany 吐spit, vomit 斗Big Dipper, ten sho (vol) 杜woods, grove 奴guy, slave 刀sword, saber 悼lament, grieve over 搭board, load (a vehicle) 桃peach 棟ridgepole, ridge 痘pox, smallpox 糖sugar 統overall, relationship 藤wisteria 討chastise, attack 謄mimeograph, copy 豆bean (radical 151) 踏step, trample 透transparent, permeate 陶pottery, porcelain 騰leaping up, jumping up 闘fight, war 憧yearn after, long for 洞den, cave 瞳pupil (of eye) 胴trunk, torso 峠mountain peak, mountain pass 匿hide, shelter 徳benevolence, virtue 督coach, command 篤fervent, kind 独single, alone 凸convex, beetle brow 寅sign of the tiger, 3-5AM 酉west, bird 屯barracks, police station 惇sincere, kind 敦industry, kindliness 豚pork, pig 奈Nara, what? 那what? 凪lull, calm 捺press, print 縄straw rope, cord 楠camphor tree 尼nun 弐II, two 虹rainbow 如likeness, like 尿urine 妊pregnancy 忍endure, bear 寧rather, preferably 粘sticky, glutinous 乃from, possessive particle 之of, this 納settlement, obtain 巴comma-design 把grasp, faggot 覇hegemony, supremacy 派faction, group 婆old woman, grandma 俳haiku, actor 廃abolish, obsolete 排repudiate, exclude 肺lungs 輩comrade, fellow 培cultivate, foster 媒mediator, go-between 梅plum 賠compensation, indemnify 陪obeisance, follow 萩bush clover 伯chief, count 博Dr., command 拍clap, beat (music) 舶liner, ship 迫urge, force 漠vague, obscure 縛truss, arrest 肇beginning 鉢bowl, rice tub 伐fell, strike 罰penalty, punishment 閥clique, lineage 鳩pigeon, dove 隼falcon 伴consort, accompany 帆sail 搬conveyor, carry 班squad, corps 畔paddy ridge, levee 繁luxuriant, thick 藩clan, enclosure 範pattern, example 煩anxiety, trouble 頒distribute, disseminate 盤tray, shallow bowl 蛮barbarian 卑lowly, base 妃queen, princess 扉front door, title page 批criticism, strike 披expose, open 斐beautiful, patterned 泌ooze, flow 碑tombstone, monument 秘secret, conceal 緋scarlet, cardinal 罷quit, stop 肥fertilizer, get fat 避evade, avoid 尾tail, end 微delicate, minuteness 眉eyebrow 柊holly 彦lad, boy (ancient) 姫princess 媛beautiful woman, princess 俵bag, bale 彪spotted, mottled 標signpost, seal 漂drift, float (on liquid) 票ballot, label 評evaluate, criticism 描sketch, compose 苗seedling, sapling 彬refined, gentle 浜seacoast, beach 賓V.I.P., guest 頻repeatedly, recur 敏cleverness, agile 扶aid, help 敷spread, pave 腐rot, decay 芙lotus, Mt Fuji 譜musical score, music 賦levy, ode 赴proceed, get 附affixed, attach 侮scorn, despise 楓maple 蕗butterbur, bog rhubarb 伏prostrated, bend down 覆capsize, cover 噴erupt, spout 墳tomb, mound 憤aroused, resent 奮stirred up, be invigorated 紛distract, be mistaken for 雰atmosphere, fog 丙third class, 3rd 併join, get together 塀fence, wall 幣cash, bad habit 弊abuse, evil 柄design, pattern 陛highness, steps (of throne) 壁wall, lining (stomach) 癖mannerism, habit 碧blue, green 偏partial, side 遍everywhere, times 弁valve, petal 保protect, guarantee 舗shop, store 甫for the first time, not until 輔help 穂ear, ear (grain) 墓grave, tomb 慕pining, yearn for 簿register, record book 倣emulate, imitate 俸stipend, salary 奉observance, offer 峰summit, peak 崩crumble, die 朋companion, friend 泡bubbles, foam 砲cannon, gun 縫sew, stitch 胞placenta, sac 芳perfume, balmy 萌show symptoms of, sprout 褒praise, extol 邦home country, country 飽sated, tired of 鳳male mythical bird 鵬phoenix 乏destitution, scarce 傍bystander, side 剖divide 妨disturb, prevent 房tassel, tuft 某so-and-so, one 冒risk, face 紡spinning 肪obese, fat 膨swell, get fat 謀conspire, cheat 僕me, I (male) 墨black ink, India ink 撲slap, strike 朴crude, simple 牧breed, care for 睦intimate, friendly 没drown, sink 堀ditch, moat 奔run, bustle 翻flip, turn over 凡commonplace, ordinary 盆basin, lantern festival 摩chafe, rub 魔witch, demon 麻hemp, flax (radical 200) 槙twig, ornamental evergreen 幕curtain, bunting 膜membrane 柾straight grain, spindle tree 亦also, again 又or again, furthermore 抹rub, paint 繭cocoon 麿I, you 慢ridicule, laziness 漫cartoon, involuntarily 魅fascination, charm 巳sign of the snake or serpent, 9-11AM 岬headland, cape 密secrecy, density (pop) 稔harvest, ripen 脈vein, pulse 妙exquisite, strange 矛halberd, arms 霧fog, mist 椋type of deciduous tree, grey starling 婿bridegroom, son-in-law 盟alliance, oath 銘inscription, signature (of artisan) 滅destroy, ruin 免excuse, dismissal 模imitation, copy 茂overgrown, grow thick 妄delusion, unnecessarily 孟chief, beginning 猛fierce, rave 盲blind, blind man 網netting, network 耗decrease 黙silence, become silent 紋family crest, figures 匁monme, 3.75 grams 也to be (classical) 冶melting, smelting 耶question mark 弥all the more, increasingly 矢arrow (radical 111) 厄unlucky, misfortune 訳translate, reason 躍leap, dance 靖peaceful 柳willow 愉pleasure, happy 癒healing, cure 諭rebuke, admonish 唯solely, only 佑help, assist 宥soothe, calm 幽seclude, confine to a room 悠permanence, distant 憂melancholy, grieve 柚citron 湧boil, ferment 猶furthermore, still 祐help 裕abundant, rich 誘entice, lead 邑village, rural community 雄masculine, male 融dissolve, melt 誉reputation, praise 庸commonplace, ordinary 揚raise, elevate 揺swing, shake 擁hug, embrace 楊willow 窯kiln, oven 羊sheep (radical 123) 耀shine, sparkle 蓉lotus 謡song, sing 遥far off, distant 養foster, bring up 抑repress, well 翼wing, plane 羅gauze, thin silk 裸naked, nude 雷thunder, lightning bolt 酪dairy products, whey 嵐storm, tempest 欄column, handrail 濫excessive, overflow 藍indigo 蘭orchid, Holland 覧perusal, see 吏officer, an official 履perform, complete 李plum 梨pear tree 璃glassy, lapis lazuli 痢diarrhea 離detach, separation 率ratio, rate 琉precious stone, gem 硫sulphur 隆hump, high 竜dragon, imperial 慮prudence, thought 虜captive, barbarian 亮clear, help 僚colleague, official 凌endure, keep (rain)out 寮dormitory, hostel 猟game-hunting, shooting 瞭clear 稜angle, edge 糧provisions, food 諒fact, reality 遼distant 陵mausoleum, imperial tomb 倫ethics, companion 厘rin, 1/10 sen 琳jewel, tinkling of jewelry 臨look to, face 隣neighboring 麟Chinese unicorn, genius 瑠lapis lazuli 塁bases, fort 累accumulate, involvement 伶actor 励encourage, be diligent 嶺peak, summit 怜wise 玲sound of jewels 鈴small bell, buzzer 隷slave, servant 霊spirits, soul 麗lovely, beautiful 暦calendar, almanac 劣inferiority, be inferior to 烈ardent, violent 裂split, rend 廉bargain, reason 蓮lotus 錬tempering, refine 呂spine, backbone 炉hearth, furnace 露dew, tears 廊corridor, hall 朗melodious, clear 楼watchtower, lookout 浪wandering, waves 漏leak, escape 郎son, counter for sons 禄fief, allowance 倭Yamato, ancient Japan 賄bribe, board 惑beguile, delusion 枠frame, framework 亘span, range 侑urge to eat 勁strong 奎star, god of literature 崚mountains towering in a row 彗comet 昴the Pleiades 晏late, quiet 晨morning, early 晟clear 暉shine, light 栞bookmark, guidebook 椰coconut tree 毬burr, ball 洸sparkling water 洵alike, truth 滉deep and broad 漱gargle, rinse mouth 澪water route, shipping channel 燎burn, bonfire 燿shine 瑶beautiful as a jewel 皓white, clear 眸pupil of the eye 笙a reed instrument 綺figured cloth, beautiful 綸thread, silk cloth 翔soar, fly 脩dried meat 茉jasmine 莉jasmine 菫the violet 詢consult with 諄tedious 赳strong and brave 迪edify, way 頌eulogy 颯sudden, quick 黎dark, black 凜cold, strict 熙bright, sunny 欄railing, balustrade 廊corridor, porch 朗clear, bright 虜capture, imprison 隆prosperous, plentiful 塚cemetery, tomb 猪pig 祥good luck